Mitigating instrument effects in 60 MHz 1H NMR spectroscopy for authenticity screening of edible oils

Yvonne Gunning, Fouad Taous, Tibari El Ghali, James D. Gibbon, E. Wilson, Rachel M. Brignall, E. Kate Kemsley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
11 Downloads (Pure)


Low field (60 MHz) 1H NMR spectroscopy was used to analyse a large (n = 410) collection of edible oils, including olive and argan, in an authenticity screening scenario. Experimental work was carried out on multiple spectrometers at two different laboratories, aiming to explore multivariate model stability and transfer between instruments. Three modelling methods were employed: Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis, Random Forests, and a One Class Classification approach. Clear inter-instrument differences were observed between replicated data collections, sufficient to compromise effective transfer of models based on raw data between instruments. As mitigations to this issue, various data pre-treatments were investigated: Piecewise Direct Standardisation, Standard Normal Variates, and Rank Transformation. Datasets comprised both phase corrected and magnitude spectra, and it was found that that the latter spectral form may offer some advantages in the context of pattern recognition and classification modelling, particularly when used in combination with the Rank Transformation pre-treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131333
JournalFood Chemistry
Early online date5 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • H NMR
  • Argan oil
  • Authenticity
  • Benchtop NMR spectroscopy
  • Chemometrics
  • Edible oil
  • Olive oil

Cite this