Mixed cyclisations giving phthalocyanine–naphthalocyanine hybrids

Andrew N. Cammidge, Victoria H. M. Goddard, Geoffrey Will, Dennis P. Arnold, Michael J. Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Mixed cyclisations have been performed to give phthalocyanine–naphthalocyanine hybrids bearing solubilising substituents. Reactivity differences between the two phthalonitrile precursors result in inefficient mixed-macrocyclisation under standard, non-templating conditions leading to predominant formation of symmetrical phthalocyanine. Templated mixed-macrocyclisation leads to the hybrids. However, the reaction proceeds with unexpected selectivity with only one of the possible 2:2 products observed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3013-3016
Number of pages4
JournalTetrahedron Letters
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2009

Cite this