The aim of this study was to explore the characteristics of blaCTX-M-27 carriage and mobilization in Salmonella and Escherichia coli isolates from food-producing animals in China. A total of 2280 E. coli and 229 Salmonella isolates collected from food animals from June 2003 to September 2014 were screened for the presence of blaCTX-M-27 gene. The blaCTX-M-27-positive isolates were typed and plasmid DNA sequenced to determine the genetic context of blaCTX-M-27 and plasmid types present. Bacterial fitness was evaluated by growth curve and plasmid stability in vitro. CTX-M-27-positive E. coli (18, 0.79 %) and Salmonella (34, 14.85 %) were detected. PFGE profiles of CTX-M-27-positive strains revealed a wide variety of genotypes and S. Indiana was the most prevalent serotype. Replicon typing, S1-PFGE and hybridization of CTX-M-27-carrying plasmids confirmed that blaCTX-M-27 gene was located on IncFII (12/18), IncN (4/18), and non-typeable (2/18) plasmids in E. coli and on P1-like bacteriophage (21/34), IncP (4/34), IncFIB (4/34), IncN (2/34), IncHI2 (2/34), and IncA/C (1/34) plasmids in Salmonella. Comparison and analysis of gene context of blaCTX-M-27 in P1-like bacteriophage and plasmids revealed they shared the same structure and contained an identical genetic context with the Tn1721-like structure ΔISEcp1B-blaCTX-M-27-IS903D-iroN-Δmap-Tn1721. In addition, plasmid stability tests indicated that the blaCTX-M-27 P1-like bacteriophage were more stable than plasmids in the absence of cefotaxime selective pressure. These results demonstrate that Tn1721-like transposons harboring CTX-M-27 could be mobilized between different plasmids in E. coli and P1-like bacteriophage disseminated among Salmonella.