AIM: To investigate potential cost savings associated with the use of real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM) throughout pregnancy in women with type 1 diabetes.
METHODS: A budget impact model was developed to estimate, from the perspective of National Health Service England, the total costs of managing pregnancy and delivery in women with type 1 diabetes using self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) with and without RT-CGM. It was assumed that the entire modelled cohort (n=1441) would use RT-CGM from 10-38 weeks gestation (7 months). Data on pregnancy and neonatal complication rates and related costs were derived from published literature, national tariffs, and device manufacturers.
RESULTS: The cost of glucose monitoring was £588 with SMBG alone and £1820 with RT-CGM. The total annual costs of managing pregnancy and delivery in women with type 1 diabetes were £23,725,648 with SMBG alone, and £14,165,187 with SMBG and RT-CGM; indicating potential cost savings of approximately £9,560,461 from using RT-CGM. The principal drivers of cost savings were the daily cost of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions (£3743) and the shorter duration of NICU stay (mean 6.6 vs. 9.1 days respectively). Sensitivity analyses showed that RT-CGM remained cost saving, albeit to lesser extents, across a range of NICU costs and durations of hospital stay, and with varying numbers of daily SMBG measurements.
CONCLUSIONS: Routine use of RT-CGM by pregnant women with type 1 diabetes, would result in substantial cost savings, mainly through reductions in NICU admissions and shorter duration of NICU care. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.