Molecular approaches to understanding transmission and source attribution in nontyphoidal Salmonella and their application in Africa

Alison E. Mather, Timothy G. Vaughan, Nigel P. French

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) is a frequent cause of diarrhea around the world, yet in many African countries it is more commonly associated with invasive bacterial disease. Various source attribution models have been developed that utilize microbial subtyping data to assign cases of human NTS infection to different animal populations and foods of animal origin. Advances in molecular microbial subtyping approaches, in particular whole-genome sequencing, provide higher resolution data with which to investigate these sources. In this review, we provide updates on the source attribution models developed for Salmonella, and examine the application of whole-genome sequencing data combined with evolutionary modeling to investigate the putative sources and transmission pathways of NTS, with a focus on the epidemiology of NTS in Africa. This is essential information to decide where, what, and how control strategies might be applied most effectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S259-S265
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue numbersuppl 4
Early online date7 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015

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