Mucosal vaccines and technology

A. Miquel-Clopés, E. G. Bentley, J. P. Stewart, S. R. Carding

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)
45 Downloads (Pure)


There is an urgent and unmet need to develop effective vaccines to reduce the global burden of infectious disease in both animals and humans, and in particular for the majority of pathogens that infect via mucosal sites. Here we summarise the impediments to developing mucosal vaccines and review the new and emerging technologies aimed at overcoming the lack of effective vaccine delivery systems that is the major obstacle to developing new mucosal vaccines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-214
Number of pages10
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Issue number2
Early online date8 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019


  • bacterial
  • mucosal
  • vaccines
  • viral

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