n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation, monocyte adhesion molecule expression and pro-inflammatory mediators in Type 2 diabetes mellitus

M. J. Sampson, I. R. Davies, J. C. Brown, V. Morgan, T. Richardson, A. J. James, A. P. Sampson, D. A. Hughes

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Aims: To examine the effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplements on the monocyte surface expression of adhesion molecules involved in pro-atherogenic monocyte–endothelial interactions, and on pro-inflammatory mediators in Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods: Twenty-nine subjects with Type 2 diabetes and 21 controls without diabetes were studied. Monocyte expression of leucocyte function-associated antigens 1 and 3, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and the major histocompatibility complex class II molecule HLA-DR were measured using a laser flow cytometric method. Supplementation with 2.08g n-3 fatty acids for 21 days was undertaken and measurements repeated. Plasma soluble adhesion molecule concentrations, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 activity and antigen and pro-inflammatory mediators (cysteinyl leukotriene and monocyte leukotriene B4) were also measured.

Results: Groups did not differ in monocyte expression of adhesion molecules or HLA-DR, or in leukotriene production although plasma soluble adhesion molecule concentrations were higher in the diabetes groups (P < 0.05). n-3 fatty acid supplementation influenced neither the expression of these molecules nor plasma soluble adhesion molecule concentrations or leukotriene production.

Conclusions: This study does not support increased monocyte adhesion molecule expression or abnormal monocyte production of pro-inflammatory mediators as mechanisms for increased atherogenic risk in Type 2 diabetes. Cardioprotective actions of n-3 fatty acids may not be mediated through these mechanisms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-58
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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