Neuropeptide Y: Direct vasoconstrictor and facilitatory effects on P2X1 receptor-dependent vasoconstriction in human small abdominal arteries

Maria del Carmen Gonzalez-Montelongo, Jessica Lauren Meades, Anna Fortuny-Gomez, Samuel J. Fountain

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Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is co-released with norepinephrine and ATP by sympathetic nerves innervating arteries. Circulating NPY is elevated during exercise and cardiovascular disease, though information regarding the vasomotor function of NPY in human blood vessels is limited. Wire myography revealed NPY directly stimulated vasoconstriction (EC50 10.3 ± 0.4 nM; N = 5) in human small abdominal arteries. Maximum vasoconstriction was antagonised by both BIBO03304 (60.7 ± 6%; N = 6) and BIIE0246 (54.6 ± 5%; N = 6), suggesting contributions of both Y1 and Y2 receptor activation, respectively. Y1 and Y2 receptor expression in arterial smooth muscle cells was confirmed by immunocytochemistry, and western blotting of artery lysates. α,β-meATP evoked vasoconstrictions (EC50 282 ± 32 nM; N = 6) were abolished by suramin (IC50 825 ± 45 nM; N = 5) and NF449 (IC50 24 ± 5 nM; N = 5), suggesting P2X1 mediates vasoconstriction in these arteries. P2X1, P2X4 and P2X7 were detectable by RT-PCR. Significant facilitation (1.6-fold) of α,β-meATP-evoked vasoconstrictions was observed when submaximal NPY (10 nM) was applied between α,β-meATP applications. Facilitation was antagonised by either BIBO03304 or BIIE0246. These data reveal NPY causes direct vasoconstriction in human arteries which is dependent upon both Y1 and Y2 receptor activation. NPY also acts as a modulator, facilitating P2X1-dependent vasoconstriction. Though in contrast to the direct vasoconstrictor effects of NPY, there is redundancy between Y1 and Y2 receptor activation to achieve the facilitatory effect.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107192
JournalVascular Pharmacology
Early online date5 Jul 2023
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

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