New insights into the larval development of Macandrevia cranium (Müller, 1776) (Brachiopoda: Rhynchonelliformea)

Anne C. Zakrzewski, Alexander Suh, Carsten Lüter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The terebratulid Macandrevia cranium (Müller, 1776) is a representative of articulate brachiopods. However, little is known about its embryology and larval development. In order to obtain reproducible results we used a strict protocol of artificial fertilization under controlled temperature conditions as a basis for our morphological study. Sampling of embryos or developing larvae at frequent intervals led to the most comprehensive collection of preserved developmental stages, ranging from early zygotes to late three-lobed stage larvae. SEM studies of all these stages showed that the development of M. cranium is similar to that of other terebratulid brachiopods. This includes the presence of four bundles of larval setae in three-lobed stage larvae. Our results contradict earlier observations on the development of M. cranium and show that this species exhibits more typical features of articulate brachiopod development than previously thought.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-269
Number of pages7
JournalZoologischer Anzeiger
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012


  • Brachiopoda
  • Development
  • Larva
  • Macandrevia cranium
  • Setae

Cite this