Methods and Results: Platelet responses to nitrite and the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were compared in age-matched HV controls (n = 12), HFpEF-AF patients (n = 29) and chronic AF patients (n = 8). Anti-aggregatory effects of nitrite in the presence of NO scavengers/sGC inhibitor were determined and vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) phosphorylation was assessed using Western blotting. In HV and chronic AF, both nitrite and SNP inhibited platelet aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner. Inhibition of platelet aggregation by the NO donor SNP was impaired in HFpEF-AF patients compared to healthy and chronic AF individuals, but there was no impairment of the anti-aggregatory effects of nitrite. Nitrite circumvented platelet NO resistance independently of other blood cells by directly activating sGC and phosphorylating VASP.
Conclusion: We here show for the first time that HFpEF-AF (but not chronic AF without HF) is associated with marked impairment of platelet NO responses due to sGC dysfunction and nitrite circumvents the “platelet NO resistance” phenomenon in human HFpEF, at least partly, by acting as a direct sGC activator independent of NO.
- nitric oxide
- heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
- atrial fibrillation