Nonlocalized generation of correlated photon pairs in degenerate down-conversion

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The achievement of optimum conversion efficiency in conventional spontaneous parametric down- conversion requires consideration of quantum processes that entail multisite electrodynamic coupling, actively taking place within the conversion material. The physical mechanism, which operates through virtual photon propagation, provides for photon pairs to be emitted from spatially separated sites of photon interaction; occasionally pairs are produced in which each photon emerges from a different point in space. The extent of such nonlocalized generation is influenced by individual variations in both distance and phase correlation. Mathematical analysis of the global contributions from this mechanism provides a quantitative measure for a degree of positional uncertainty in the origin of down-converted emission.
Original languageEnglish
Article number133602
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number13
Early online date30 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2017

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