Not all stereotypic biases are created equal: Evidence for a stereotype-disconfirming bias

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Stereotype-confirming biases are well documented in the social psychological literature. However, motivations to disconfirm social stereotypes may be more influential for unprejudiced individuals. Three experiments are presented that test the hypothesis that extremely unprejudiced people exhibit a bias toward stereotype disconfirmation. Experiment 1 investigates stereotype disconfirmation in information-seeking preferences. Experiments 2 and 3 explore attributional strategies for stereotype disconfirmation. In all experiments, unprejudiced participants respond in ways reflecting a motivation to disconfirm social stereotypes. Implications for stereotype change and stereotypic influences on judgment and behavior are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)706-720
Number of pages15
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004
EventAnnual Meeting of the Society for Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) - San Antonio, United States
Duration: 1 Jan 2001 → …

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