Notions of solidarity and integration in times of war: the idea of Europe, 1914–18

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This article argues that the First World War did not just aggravate nationalist sentiments but also encouraged intercultural exchange and a better understanding of other societies and ways of life. Indeed, the wartime prevalence of notions of solidarity and integration requires more attention and careful analysis. The essay explores three key issues, focusing in particular on solidarity practices and transnational interaction. It investigates military alliances, the collaboration between national independence movements, and the role of neutral countries as refuge and gathering place of pacifist groups and intellectuals. Many of these actors discussed and promoted forms of at least regional cooperation in post-war Europe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)874-888
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Review of History
Issue number6
Early online date15 Sep 2017
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017


  • Solidarity
  • European history
  • First World War
  • internationalism
  • military alliances
  • independence movements
  • neutrality
  • pacifism

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