Novel experimental approach for the characterisation of lithium-ion cells performance in isothermal conditions

Stefano Landini, Tadhg O'Donovan

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Lithium-Ion cells performance is sensitive to the cell temperature. Therefore, experimental evidence is needed to identify the optimal cell isothermal condition to be achieved by a Thermal Management System (TMS). Previous studies have experimentally investigated the cells electrical performance under adiabatic or controlled environmental temperature (i.e. isoperibolic) thermal boundary conditions. Notably, however, these conditions do not impose a uniform cell's surface temperature, especially at high discharge rates (DR), or a controlled cooling rate, as a TMS would. This research study proposes a novel experimental test rig replicating an active TMS based on a thermal chamber, forced air convection, a micro wind tunnel, and a control system for testing cells in set isothermal conditions. The test rig is proposed in two cooling configurations (single-sided, double-sided). The double-sided configuration, characterised by a superior heat transfer coefficient of 128 W/m(2)K, guarantees a stable cell average surface temperature, equal to the set value, and a temperature disuniformity lower than 5 K for DRs of up to 2C and set temperatures in the range of 0 degrees C-40 degrees C. Moreover, the electrical, thermal, and electrochemical performance of a pouch cell is investigated at DR and at uniform and constant cell temperatures.
Original languageEnglish
Article number118965
Early online date3 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • thermal management
  • Li-Ion batteries
  • isothermalsation
  • electrochemical efficiency
  • micro-wind tunnel
  • heat generation rate
  • Heat generation rate
  • Isothermalisation
  • Micro-wind tunnel
  • Li-ion cells
  • Thermal management system
  • Electrochemical efficiency

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