This novel investigation unfolds the mathematical model of peristaltic flow in an elliptic duct having ciliated walls. The current assessment is carried out by considering a heated Newtonian viscous fluid in this ciliated elliptic duct. A detailed heat transfer study combined with various physical aspects of peristalsis is provided. We have incorporated the appropriate and useful transformations that simplify this mathematical problem into its non-dimensional form with relevant non-dimensional boundary conditions over the surface of ciliated elliptic duct. Finally, the exact mathematical results are computed for this interesting problem. A thorough graphical assessment is also included for a complete understanding of mathematical results. The axially symmetric flow behaviour is noted for both velocity and temperature profiles in this elliptic duct having ciliated walls.