Nutrition state of science and dementia prevention: Recommendations of the Nutrition for Dementia Prevention Working Group

Hussein N. Yassine, Cécilia Samieri, Gill Livingston, Kimberly Glass, Maude Wagner, Christy Tangney, Brenda L. Plassman, M. Arfan Ikram, Robin M. Voigt, Yian Gu, Sid O'Bryant, Anne Marie Minihane, Suzanne Craft, Howard A. Fink, Suzanne Judd, Sandrine Andrieu, Gene L. Bowman, Edo Richard, Benedict Albensi, Emily MeyersSerly Khosravian, Michele Solis, Maria Carrillo, Heather Snyder, Francine Grodstein, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Lon S. Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Observational studies suggest that nutritional factors have a potential cognitive benefit. However, systematic reviews of randomised trials of dietary and nutritional supplements have reported largely null effects on cognitive outcomes and have highlighted study inconsistencies and other limitations. In this Personal View, the Nutrition for Dementia Prevention Working Group presents what we consider to be limitations in the existing nutrition clinical trials for dementia prevention. On the basis of this evidence, we propose recommendations for incorporating dietary patterns and the use of genetic, and nutrition assessment tools, biomarkers, and novel clinical trial designs to guide future trial developments. Nutrition-based research has unique challenges that could require testing both more personalised interventions in targeted risk subgroups, identified by nutritional and other biomarkers, and large-scale and pragmatic study designs for more generalisable public health interventions across diverse populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e501-e512
Number of pages12
JournalThe Lancet: Healthy Longevity
Volume3
Issue number7
Early online date4 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Cite this