Observed linkages between the atmospheric circulation and oceanic-forced sea-surface temperature variability in the western North Pacific

Casey R. Patrizio, David W. J. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous research suggests the extratropical atmospheric circulation responds to that sea-surface temperature (SST) variability in the western North Pacific. However, the relative roles of oceanic and atmospheric processes in driving the SST anomalies that, in turn, seemingly influence the atmospheric circulation are unclear. Here, we exploit a simple stochastic climate model to subdivide the SST variability in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension region into components forced by oceanic and atmospheric processes. We then probe the lead/lag relationships between the atmospheric circulation and both components of the SST variability. Importantly, only the oceanic-forced SST variability is associated with robust atmospheric anomalies that lag the SSTs by 1 month. The results are consistent with the surface heat fluxes associated with atmospheric and oceanic-forced components of the SST variability. Overall, the findings suggest that ocean dynamical processes in the western North Pacific play an important role in influencing the variability of the extratropical circulation.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2021GL095172
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2022

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