Olfactory Disorders Questionnaire: Scaling severity of quality-of-life impact

Elizabeth Mairenn Garden, Kala Kumaresan, Allan Clark, Carl Martin Philpott

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2 Citations (Scopus)
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Background: The Olfactory Disorders Questionnaire (ODQ) is widely used for patients suffering from olfactory disorders to depict the impact on quality of life. The aim of this study was to scale and produce reference values for patients ODQ score according to Becks Depression Inventory (BDI) severity. Methods: In this prospective study, a cross-sectional anonymous survey was created, which combined EQ-5D-5L, BDI and ODQ. Correlation was calculated between the three questionnaires. Receiver operator characteristic curves were created to produce cut-off values for ODQ scores based on three BDI categories (mild, borderline clinical and moderate-to-severe depression). Results: Of the 578 who responded to the survey, 445 completed all sections and were included in the study. Majority were female (n = 327,73.5%), median age group 55–70 years (n = 193,43.4%). There was a strong correlation between BDI score and total ODQ score. There was a clear gradient in total ODQ score for each BDI classification; those with mild depression had the lowest mean ODQ score (101.8, range 39–168), those with moderate-to-severe depression had the highest (138.24, range 74–177). Due to overlapping of confidence intervals we were unable to grade the ODQ score. Conclusion: The study was unable to generate reference values for the ODQ due to lower numbers of patients with borderline clinical to extreme depression. However, we were able to appreciate the general trend, that the higher the ODQ score, the higher the risk of depression. These findings should guide clinical practice to ensure appropriate care and support is provided for those with olfactory dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-212
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Otolaryngology
Issue number2
Early online date20 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • Becks Depression Inventory
  • depression
  • mental health
  • olfactory disorders
  • Olfactory Disorders Questionnaire

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