Lossy-mode resonance (LMR)–based optical sensing technology has emerged in the last two decades as a nanotechnological platform with very interesting and promising properties. LMR complements the metallic materials typically used in surface plasmon resonance (SPR)–based sensors, with metallic oxides and polymers. In addition, it enables one to tune the position of the resonance in the optical spectrum, to excite the resonance with both transverse electric (TE) and transverse magnetic (TM) polarized light, and to generate multiple resonances. The domains of application are numerous: as sensors for detection of refractive indices voltage, pH, humidity, chemical species, and antigens, as well as biosensors. This review will discuss the bases of this relatively new technology and will show the main contributions that have permitted the optimization of its performance to the point that the question arises as to whether LMR–based optical sensors could become the sensing platform of the near future.
- Optical sensor