Optically induced nanoscale forces: precipitating the separation of immiscible liquids

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Abstract

It is well known that the miscibility or immiscibility of dissimilar liquids can be a sensitive function of external physical conditions, and fractional composition. In regions of thermodynamic instability, phase separation can often be instigated by local nucleation, in regions of the fluid where fluctuations in concentration rise above a threshold value and compositional instabilities arise. Such fluctuations, normally stochastic, are strongly influenced by a dynamic interplay of local intermolecular forces. In fluid regions illuminated by off-resonance laser light, the forces between neighbouring molecules can be significantly modified by an ‘optical binding’ effect that depends on the polarizabilities of the components. In liquid mixtures, this enables the forces between molecules of the same, or different, chemical composition to be differentially modified. In consequence, a suitably guided laser beam can locally control nucleation events, and so precipitate phase separation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings Volume 11463, Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation XVII
EditorsKishan Dholakia, Gabriel C. Spalding
Place of PublicationSan Diego
PublisherSPIE
Pages114631R
Number of pages7
VolumeXVII
ISBN (Electronic)9781510637320
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Optical binding
  • intermolecular forces
  • laser separation
  • optical catalysis
  • optical forces
  • optical manipulation
  • phase transitions

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