Optimal use and cost-effectiveness of biologic therapies in inflammatory bowel disease

Antonio Di Sabatino, Lucio Liberato, Monia Marchetti, Paolo Biancheri, Gino R Corazza

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), namely Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are burdened by high medical costs which are mostly dependent on hospital inpatient treatment. New biologic therapies, which target specific cytokines in the inflammatory cascade leading to the intestinal lesions, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, have revolutionized the management of IBD by offering a therapeutic chance to patients in whom conventional therapies failed. However, the relatively high costs of biologic drugs, together with their potential toxicity due to infections and malignancies, have led to debate regarding their indiscriminate use in IBD patients. The purpose of this review is to deal with the optimal use and cost-effectiveness of the two main monoclonal anti-TNF-α agents currently used in the management of IBD patients, i.e. the chimeric human/murine antibody infliximab and the fully human antibody adalimumab.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-27
Number of pages11
JournalInternal and Emergency Medicine
Volume6
Issue numberSuppl 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Biological Therapy/economics
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/drug therapy

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