Outcome in dilated cardiomyopathy related to the extent, location, and pattern of late gadolinium enhancement

Brian P. Halliday, A. John Baksi, Ankur Gulati, Aamir Ali, Simon Newsome, Cemil Izgi, Monika Arzanauskaite, Amrit Lota, Upasana Tayal, Vassilios S. Vassiliou, John Gregson, Francisco Alpendurada, Michael P. Frenneaux, Stuart A. Cook, John G.F. Cleland, Dudley J. Pennell, Sanjay K. Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

191 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)


Objectives: This study sought to investigate the association between the extent, location, and pattern of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and outcome in a large dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) cohort. Background: The relationship between LGE and prognosis in DCM is incompletely understood. Methods: The authors examined the association between LGE and all-cause mortality and a sudden cardiac death (SCD) composite based on the extent, location, and pattern of LGE in DCM. Results: Of 874 patients (588 men, median age 52 years) followed for a median of 4.9 years, 300 (34.3%) had nonischemic LGE. Estimated adjusted hazard ratios for patients with an LGE extent of 0 to 2.55%, 2.55% to 5.10%, and >5.10%, respectively, were 1.59 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.99 to 2.55), 1.56 (95% CI: 0.96 to 2.54), and 2.31 (95% CI: 1.50 to 3.55) for all-cause mortality, and 2.79 (95% CI: 1.42 to 5.49), 3.86 (95% CI: 2.09 to 7.13), and 4.87 (95% CI: 2.78 to 8.53) for the SCD endpoint. There was a marked nonlinear relationship between LGE extent and outcome such that even small amounts of LGE predicted a substantial increase in risk. The presence of septal LGE was associated with increased mortality, but SCD was most associated with the combined presence of septal and free-wall LGE. Predictive models using LGE presence and location were superior to models based on LGE extent or pattern. Conclusions: In DCM, the presence of septal LGE is associated with a large increase in the risk of death and SCD events, even when the extent is small. SCD risk is greatest with concomitant septal and free-wall LGE. The incremental value of LGE extent beyond small amounts and LGE pattern is limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1645-1655
Number of pages11
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Issue number8 Part 2
Early online date12 Sep 2018
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • dilated cardiomyopathy
  • late gadolinium enhancement

Cite this