Parameter uncertainty in portfolio selection: Shrinking the inverse covariance matrix

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50 Citations (Scopus)


The estimation of the inverse covariance matrix plays a crucial role in optimal portfolio choice. We propose a new estimation framework that focuses on enhancing portfolio performance. The framework applies the statistical methodology of shrinkage directly to the inverse covariance matrix using two non-parametric methods. The first minimises the out-of-sample portfolio variance while the second aims to increase out-of-sample risk-adjusted returns. We apply the resulting estimators to compute the minimum variance portfolio weights and obtain a set of new portfolio strategies. These strategies have an intuitive form which allows us to extend our framework to account for short-sale constraints, high transaction costs and singular covariance matrices. A comparative empirical analysis against several strategies from the literature shows that the new strategies generally offer higher risk-adjusted returns and lower levels of risk.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2522-2531
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Banking and Finance
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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