Parent reported problems in 211 adopted children: Some risk and protective factors

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Parents of 211 adopted children, now young adult, were interviewed about their children's behaviour and development during childhood and adolescence. The children were placed for adoption al different ages. The quality of children's pre‐placement cape also varied, older‐placed children generally experiencing adverse backgrounds prior to joining their adoptive parents. Depending on their quality of per‐placement care, the children were placed in one of three groups for the purposes of analysis: (a) baby adoptions, (b) older‐children adoption‐, in which children had enjoyed satisfactory care as babies, and (c) older‐children adoptions in which children had experienced adverse care as babies. The rate of adolescent problem behaviours varied between the three groups, with the older‐children adoptions/adverse baby care group showing the highest rates. Two subgroups were identified. A quarter of the baby adopted children were reported to have had problem behaviours during adolescence. In contrast, no problem behaviours were reported in 28% of the older‐adopted/adverse baby care children. Some possible risk and protective factors are explored.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-411
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 1997


  • Adolescent
  • Adoption
  • Adult
  • Anger
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Child
  • Child Behavior Disorders
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hostility
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Juvenile Delinquency
  • Male
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Personality Assessment
  • Personality Development
  • Psychosocial Deprivation
  • Risk Factors

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