Patient characteristics predicting failure to receive indicated care for type 2 diabetes

L. T. A. Mounce, Nicholas Steel, Antonia Hardcastle, William E Henley, Max Bachmann, John Campbell, Allan Clark, David Melzer, Suzanne Richards

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Aims: To determine which patient characteristics were associated with failure to receive indicated care for diabetes over time.
Methods: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing participants aged 50 or older with diabetes reported receipt of care described by four diabetes quality indicators (QIs) in 2008-9 and 2010-11. Annual checks for glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), proteinuria and foot examination were assessed as a care bundle (n=907). A further QI (n=759) assessed whether participants with cardiac risk factors were offered ACE inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs). Logistic regression modelled associations between failure to receive indicated care in 2010-11 and participants' socio-demographic, lifestyle and health characteristics, diabetes self-management knowledge, health literacy, and previous QI achievement in 008-9.
Results: A third of participants (2008-9=32.8%; 2010-11=32.2%) did not receive all annual checks in the care bundle. Nearly half of those eligible were not offered ACE inhibitors/ARBs (2008-9=44.6%; 2010-11=44.5%). Failure to receive a complete care bundle was associated with lower diabetes self-management knowledge (odds ratio (OR) 2.05), poorer cognitive performance (1.78), or having previously received incomplete care (3.32). Participants who were single (OR=2.16), had low health literacy (1.50) or had received incomplete care previously (6.94) were more likely to not be offered ACE inhibitors/ARBs. Increasing age (OR=0.76) or body mass index (OR=0.70) was associated with lower odds of failing to receive this aspect of care.
Conclusions: Quality improvement initiatives for diabetes might usefully target patients with previous receipt of incomplete care, poor knowledge of annual diabetes care processes, and poorer cognition and health literacy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247–258
Number of pages12
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Issue number2
Early online date3 Dec 2014
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015


  • Quality of care
  • Prediction
  • Patient education

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