Patient directed self management of pain (PaDSMaP) compared to treatment as usual following total knee replacement: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Simon Donell, Katherine Deane, Louise Swift, Garry Barton, Paula Balls, Clare Darrah, Richard Gray

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3 Citations (Scopus)


In 2009, 665 patients underwent total knee replacements (TKRs) at the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (NNUH), representing nearly 1% of the national total. Pain control following the operation can be poor, and this can cause poor mobilization and potential long-term adverse events. Although high levels of pain are not associated with patient dissatisfaction, brief periods of pain may lead to neuronal remodeling and sensitization. Patient controlled oral analgesia (PCOA) may improve pain relief; however, the evidence to date has been inconclusive. Patient directed self management of pain (PaDSMaP) is a single center randomized controlled trial, which aims to establish if patient self-medication improves, or is equivalent to, treatment as usual and to create an educational package to allow implementation elsewhere.
Original languageEnglish
Article number204
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2012

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