Performance evaluation and comparison study of adaptive MANET service location and discovery protocols for highly dynamic environments

Ghassen Ben Brahim, Nazeeruddin Mohammad, Wassim El-Hajj, Gerard Parr, Bryan Scotney

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2 Citations (Scopus)
6 Downloads (Pure)


A critical requirement in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) is its ability to automatically discover existing services as well as their locations. Several solutions have been proposed in various communication domains which could be classified into two categories: (1) directory based, and (2) directory-less. The former is efficient but suffers from the amount of control messages being exchanged to maintain all directories in an agile environment. However, the latter approach attempts to reduce the amount of control messages to update directories, by simply sending broadcast messages to discover services; which is also a non-desirable approach in MANETs. This research work builds on top of our prior work (Nazeeruddin et al. in IFIP/IEEE international conference on management of multimedia networks and services, Springer, Berlin, 2006)) where we introduced a new efficient protocol for service discovery in MANETs (MSLD); a lightweight, robust, scalable, and flexible protocol which supports node heterogeneity and dynamically adapts to network changes while not flooding the network with extra protocol messages—a major challenge in today’s network environments, such as Internet of Things (IoT). Extensive simulations study was conducted on MSLD to: (1) initially evaluate its performance in terms of latency, service availability, and overhead messages, then (2) compare its performance to Dir-Based, Dir-less, and PDP protocols under various network conditions. For most performance metrics, simulation results show that MSLD outperforms Dir-Based, Dir-less, and PDP by either matching or achieving high service availability, low service discovery latency, and considerably less communication overhead.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6
JournalEURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2022


  • Auto-configuration
  • Distributed directory-based approach
  • Mobile Ad hoc networks
  • Service discovery protocol

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