Persistent effects of pre-Columbian plant domestication on Amazonian forest composition

Carolina Levis, F. R. C. Costa, F. Bongers, M. Pena-Claros, C. R. Clement, A. B. Junqueira, E. G. Neves, E. K. Tamanaha, F. O. G. Figueiredo, R. P. Salomao, Carolina V. Castilho, William E. Magnusson, Oliver L. Phillips, Juan Ernesto Guevara, Daniel Sabatier, Jean François Molino, D. Cardenas Lopez, Abel Monteagudo Mendoza, Nigel C A Pitman, A. DuqueP. Nunez Vargas, Charles E. Zartman, Rodolfo Vasquez, Ana Andrade, José Luís Camargo, Ted R. Feldpausch, Susan G W Laurance, W. F. Laurance, T. J. Killeen, H. E. Mendona Nascimento, Juan Carlos Montero, Bonifacio Mostacedo, Iêda Leão Amaral, I. C. Guimaraes Vieira, Roel J. W. Brienen, Hernán Castellanos, J Terborgh, M. de Jesus Veiga Carim, J. R. da Silva Guimaraes, L. de Souza Coelho, Francisca Dionízia De Almeida Matos, Florian Wittmann, H. F. Mogollon, Gabriel Damasco, N. Davila, R. Garcia-Villacorta, Eurídice N Honorio Coronado, Thaise Emilio, Diógenes De Andrade Lima Filho, Juliana Schietti, Priscila F. De Souza, Natalia Targhetta, James A. Comiskey, Beatriz S. Marimon, Ben Hur Marimon Junior, David Neill, Alfonso Alonso, Luzmila Arroyo, Fernanda Antunes Carvalho, Fernanda Coelho Souza, Francisco Dallmeier, Marcelo Petrati Pansonato, Joost F. Duivenvoorden, Paul V A Fine, P. R. Stevenson, Alejandro Araujo-murakami, Gerardo A. Aymard C., Christopher Baraloto, Dário Dantas do Amaral, J. Engel, Terry W. Henkel, Paul Maas, Pascal Petronelli, Juan David Cardenas Revilla, Juliana Stropp, Doug Daly, R Gribel, M. Rios Paredes, Marcos Silveira, Raquel Thomas-Caesar, Tim R. Baker, Naara Ferreira da Silva, Leandro Valle Ferreira, C. A. Peres, Miles R. Silman, C. Ceron, Fernando Cornejo Valverde, Alessia Fiore, Eliana M. Jimenez, M. C. Penuela Mora, M Toledo, Edelcilio Marques Barbosa, L. C. de Matos Bonates, Nicolás Castaño Arboleda, E. de Sousa Farias, Alfredo Fuentes, Jean-Louis Guillaumet, P. Moller Jorgensen, Y Malhi, I. P. de Andrade Miranda, J. F. Phillips, Adriana Prieto, Agustín Rudas, A. R. Ruschel, Barbara N. Silva, Patricio Von Hildebrand, Vincent A. Vos, Eglée L. Zent, Stanford Zent, Bruno Barçante Ladvocat Cintra, Marcelo T. Nascimento, Alexandre A. Oliveira, Hirma Ramirez-Angulo, José Ferreira Ramos, Gonzalo Rivas, J. Schongart, Rodrigo Sierra, Milton Tirado, Geertje M. F. Van Der Heijden, Emilio Vilanova Torre, Ophelia Wang, K. R. Young, Claudia Baider, Angela Cano, William Farfan-Rios, Cid Ferreira, Bruce Hoffman, Casimiro Mendoza, Italo Mesones, Armando Torres-lezama, María Natalia Umaña Medina, Tinde R. Van Andel, Daniel Villarroel, Roderick Zagt, Miguel N. Alexiades, Henrik Balslev, Karina Garcia-Cabrera, T Gonzales, Lionel Hernandez, Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Angelo Gilberto Manzatto, W Milliken, Walter Palacios Cuenca, Susamar Pansini, Daniela Pauletto, Freddy Ramirez Arevalo, Neidiane Farias Costa Reis, Adeilza Felipe Sampaio, Ligia Estela Urrego Giraldo, E. H. Valderrama Sandoval, Luis Valenzuela Gamarra, César I A Vela, Hans Ter Steege

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

244 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The extent to which pre-Columbian societies altered Amazonian landscapes is hotly debated. We performed a basin-wide analysis of pre-Columbian impacts on Amazonian forests by overlaying known archaeological sites in Amazonia with the distributions and abundances of 85 woody species domesticated by pre-Columbian peoples. Domesticated species are five times more likely than nondomesticated species to be hyperdominant. Across the basin, the relative abundance and richness of domesticated species increase in forests on and around archaeological sites. In southwestern and eastern Amazonia, distance to archaeological sites strongly influences the relative abundance and richness of domesticated species. Our analyses indicate that modern tree communities in Amazonia are structured to an important extent by a long history of plant domestication by Amazonian peoples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-931
Number of pages7
JournalScience
Volume355
Issue number6328
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • PATTERNS
  • HISTORY
  • CLIMATE
  • CULTIVATION
  • EVOLUTION
  • SELECTION
  • REGION
  • CROPS
  • SOILS
  • BASIN

Cite this