Perspective: Peer evaluation of recommendations for CONSORT guidelines for randomized controlled trials in nutrition

Connie Weaver, Sanne Ahles, Karen J. Murphy, Sangeetha Shyam, Janet Cade, Jogchum Plat, Lukas Schwingshackl, Helen M. Roche, Carl Lachat, Anne-Marie Minihane, Jessica Rigutto-Farebrother, Federation of Nutritional Sciences (FENS) Working Groups on Improving Standards in the Science of Nutrition

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Abstract

Creating effective dietary guidance requires a rigorous evidence base that is predominantly developed from robust clinical trials or large-scale cohort studies, with the quality of the data available depending on the completeness and accuracy of their reporting. An international group of academics from 14 institutions in 12 different countries and on 5 continents, working on behalf of the Federation of European Nutrition Societies within its “Improving Standards in the Science of Nutrition” initiative, reviewed the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement checklist as it pertains to nutrition trials. This perspective piece documents the procedure followed to gain input and consensus on the checklist previously published by this group, including its presentation and interrogation at the International Union of Nutritional Sciences International Congress of Nutrition 2022 (IUNS-ICN 22), inputs from a survey of journal editors, and its piloting on 8 nutrition trials of diverse designs. Overall, the initiative has been met with considerable enthusiasm. At IUNS-ICN 22, refinements to our proposal were elicited through a World Café method discussion with participating nutrition scientists. The contributing journal editors provided valuable insights, and the discussion led to the development of a potential tool specific to assess adherence to the proposed nutrition extension checklist. The piloting of the proposed checklist provided evidence from real-life studies that reporting of nutrition trials can be improved. This initiative aims to stimulate further discussion and development of a CONSORT-nutrition-specific extension.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100154
JournalAdvances in Nutrition
Volume15
Issue number1
Early online date21 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • CONSORT
  • dietary interventions
  • expert opinion
  • guidelines
  • nutrition trials
  • reporting

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