Perspectives on the application of CONSORT guidelines to randomised controlled trials in nutrition

Jessica Rigutto-Farebrother, Sanne Ahles, Janet Cade, Karen J. Murphy, Jogchum Plat, Lukas Schwingshackl, Helen M. Roche, Sangeetha Shyam, Carl Lachat, Anne-Marie Minihane, Connie Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Reporting guidelines facilitate quality and completeness in research reporting. The CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement is widely applied to dietary and nutrition trials but has no extension specific to nutrition. Evidence suggests poor reporting in nutrition research. The Federation of European Nutrition Societies led an initiative to make recommendations for a nutrition extension to the CONSORT statement towards a more robust reporting of the evidence base.

Methods: An international working group was formed of nutrition researchers from 14 institutions in 12 different countries and on five continents. Using meetings over a period of one year, we interrogated the CONSORT statement specifically for its application to report nutrition trials.

Results: We provide a total of 28 new nutrition-specific recommendations or emphasised recommendations for the reporting of the introduction (three), methods (twelve), results (five) and discussion (eight). We also added two additional recommendations that were not allocated under the standard CONSORT headings.

Conclusion: We identify a need to provide guidance in addition to CONSORT to improve the quality and consistency of the reporting and propose key considerations for further development of formal guidelines for the reporting of nutrition trials. Readers are encouraged to engage in this process, provide comments and conduct specific studies to inform further work on the development of reporting guidelines for nutrition trials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2319–2332
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Issue number5
Early online date26 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • Dietary interventions
  • Expert opinion
  • Guidelines
  • Nutrition trials
  • Reporting

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