Phage display of epitopes from HIV-1 elicits strong cytolytic responses in vitro and in vivo

John Guardiola, Piergiuseppe De Berardinis, Rossella Sartorius, Cristina Fanutti, Richard N. Perham, Giovanna Del Pozzo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Vaccines based on synthetic peptides representing epitopes recognized by T-helper or cytolytic T-cells have been widely investigated as the basis for effective vaccines. However, their efficacy suffers from a number of important limitations. First, they are poor immunogens and exhibit short life-spans both in serum and within the cell. Secondly, the amount of peptide required to bind a threshold number of MHC class II molecules on the surface of an APC is reportedly higher than the minimal amount needed to bind to class II MHC molecules in the intracellular compartment in which the processing of the corresponding parent antigen takes place after internalization. Soluble antigens carrying CTL epitopes not only have the same drawbacks, but normally are unable to enter the appropriate intracellular compartment to undergo processing and presentation on class I MHC molecules. Thus, delivery systems based on immune-stimulating complexes, liposomes and synthetic lipopeptides have been designed in attempts to circumvent these limitations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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