Pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics of tazobactam in combination with cefepime in an in vitro infection model

Brian D. VanScoy, David Tenero, Simon Turner, David M. Livermore, Jennifer McCauley, Haley Conde, Sujata M. Bhavnani, Christopher M. Rubino, Paul G. Ambrose

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We previously demonstrated that for tazobactam administered in combination with ceftolozane, the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) index that best described tazobactam efficacy was the percentage of the dosing interval that tazobactam concentrations were above a threshold (%T>threshold). Using data from studies of Enterobacteriaceae-producing ESBL, a relationship between tazobactam %T>threshold and reduction in log10 CFU from baseline, for which tazobactam threshold concentration was the product of the isolate's ceftolozane-tazobactam MIC value and 0.5, was identified. However, since the kinetics of cephalosporin hydrolysis vary among ESBLs and compounds, it is likely that the translational relationship to derive the tazobactam threshold concentration varies among enzymes and compounds. Using a one-compartment in vitro infection model, the PK-PD of tazobactam administered in combination with cefepime was characterized and a translational relationship across ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae was developed. Four clinical isolates, two Escherichia coli and two Klebsiella pneumoniae, known to produce CTX-M-15 β-lactamase enzymes and displaying cefepime MIC values of 2 to 4 mg/L in the presence of 4 mg/L tazobactam, were evaluated. Tazobactam threshold concentrations from 0.0625-1 times the tazobactam-potentiated cefepime MIC value were considered. The threshold that best described the relationship between tazobactam %T>threshold and change in log10 CFU from baseline was the product of 0.125 and the cefepime-tazobactam MIC (R2=0.813). The magnitude of %T>threshold associated with net bacterial stasis and a 1-log10 CFU/mL reduction from baseline at 24 hours was 21.9 and 52.8%, respectively. These data will be useful to support the identification of tazobactam dosing regimens in combination with cefepime for evaluation in future clinical studies.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere01052-17
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Issue number12
Early online date25 Sep 2017
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

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