Pharmacological characterization of the chemokine receptor, CCR5

Anja Mueller, Nasir G. Mahmoud, Marc C. Goedecke, Jane A. McKeating, Philip G. Strange

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Abstract

1 We investigated the effects of a number of naturally occurring chemokines (MIP-1alpha:, MIP-1beta, RANTES, MCP-2, MCP-3, MCP-4) on different processes linked to the chemokine receptor CCR5 in recombinant CHO cells expressing the receptor at different levels. 2 Internalization of CCR5 following chemokine treatment was studied and MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta and RANTES (50 nM) were able to induce internalization (similar to50%) of the receptor. Internalization due to MCP-2, MCP-3 and MCP-4 was less (similar to20%). 3 Phosphorylation of CCR5 following chemokine treatment was studied and MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta and RANTES (50 nM) were able to induce phosphorylation of CCR5 whereas the other chemokines did not induce CCR5 phosphorylation. 4 MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, RANTES and MCP-2 were able to stimulate [S-35]-GTPgammaS binding, an index of receptor/G protein activation, whereas MCP-3 and MCP-4 had no effect in this assay. MCP-2 was a partial agonist (similar to80%) compared to MIP-1alpha,, MIP-1beta and RANTES, which gave similar maximal stimulations in this assay. 5 MIP-1alpha, MIP-Ifl, RANTES, MCP-2 and MCP-4 were able to stimulate increases in intracellular calcium ions via activation of CCR5 whereas MCP-3 was without effect. 6 It is concluded that different chemokines interacting with CCR5 mediate different patterns of cellular responses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1033-1043
Number of pages11
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume135
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • DESENSITIZATION
  • FUNCTIONAL EXPRESSION
  • [S-35]-GTP gamma S binding
  • INTERNALIZATION
  • GAMMA-S BINDING
  • RANTES
  • CELLS
  • PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS
  • chemokine receptor CCR5
  • HIV-1
  • internalization
  • CXCR4
  • chemokines
  • phosphorylation
  • INHIBITION

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