Phytochemical investigation of the latex of Euphorbia abyssinica Gmel (Euphorbiaceae) afforded a new hydroxy unsaturated fatty acid, 8(R)-hydroxy-dec-3(E)-en-oic acid (1), in addition to the four known compounds lupeol (2), beta-sitosterol (3), oleanolic acid (4) and beta-sitosterol-3-O-glucoside (5). The in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activities of the isolated compounds, as well as the total methanol extract, were studied against different micro-organisms; compound 1 displayed reasonable antifungal activities towards the tested fungi.
- Euphorbia abyssinica Gmel.
- 8(R)-hydroxy-dec-3(E)-en-oic acid
- antimicrobial activity