Plankton lifeforms as a biodiversity indicator for regional-scale assessment of pelagic habitats for policy

Abigail McQuatters-Gollop, Angus Atkinson, Anaïs Aubert, Jacob Bedford, Mike Best, Eileen Bresnan, Kathryn Cooke, Michelle Devlin, Richard Gowen, David G. Johns, Margarita Machairopoulou, April McKinney, Adam Mellor, Clare Ostle, Cordula Scherer, Paul Tetth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plankton are sensitive indicators of change and, at the base of marine food webs, they underpin important ecosystem services such as carbon sequestration and fisheries production. In the UK and the Northeast Atlantic region, change in plankton functional groups, or ‘lifeforms’, constructed based on biological traits, is the formally accepted policy indicator used to assess Good Environmental Status (GES) for pelagic habitats under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD: 2008/56/EC). To identify changes in UK pelagic habitats, plankton lifeforms, were used from diverse UK data sets collected by different methods, including plankton sampling by nets, water bottles, integrating tube samplers, and the Continuous Plankton Recorder. A Plankton Index approach was used to identify change in plankton lifeforms. This is the first time that the pelagic plankton community has been assessed on a UK-wide scale and forms the foundation of the UK’s 2020 MSFD Assessment for pelagic habitat biodiversity and food webs. This approach revealed that some of the plankton lifeforms used in the assessment displayed spatially-variable changes during the past decade. Assessing plankton community change using a common indicator at the UK scale for the first time is a significant step towards evaluating GES for European seas. Determining GES for pelagic habitats, however, is a challenging process, with additional work required to interpret the assessment results and to identify causation of the changes observed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)913-925
JournalEcological Indicators
Volume101
Early online date12 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

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