Plasma vitamin C level, fruit and vegetable consumption, and the risk of new-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus: the European prospective investigation of cancer--Norfolk prospective study

Anne-Helen Harding, Nicholas J Wareham, Sheila A Bingham, KayTee Khaw, Robert Luben, Ailsa Welch, Nita G Forouhi

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267 Citations (Scopus)


Epidemiologic studies suggest that greater consumption of fruit and vegetables may decrease the risk of diabetes mellitus, but the evidence is limited and inconclusive. Plasma vitamin C level is a good biomarker of fruit and vegetable intake, but, to our knowledge, no prospective studies have examined its association with diabetes risk. This study aims to examine whether fruit and vegetable intake and plasma vitamin C level are associated with the risk of incident type 2 diabetes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1493-1499
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Internal Medicine
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2008


  • Adult
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Diet Surveys
  • Eating
  • England
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Fruit
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Population Surveillance
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Vegetables

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