Polish regional differences in patient knowledge on atrial fibrillation and its management as well as in patterns of oral anticoagulant prescription

A Janion-Sadowska, M Sadowski, M Konieczyńska, G Skonieczny, A Metzgier-Gumiela, M Chrapek, E Sobieraj, AH Bryk, M Dębski, P Podolec, B Małecka, L Desteghe, H Heidbuchel, A Undas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The Jessa Atrial Fibrillation Knowledge Questionnaire (JAKQ) was successfully used to assess knowledge gaps in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

Aims: To evaluate the regional differences among Polish patients in their awareness of AF diagnosis and oral anticoagulation use.

Methods: A total of 1583 patients with AF at a median (IQR) age of 72 (66–79) years completed the JAKQ in 3 cardiology centers (center I, Kraków; center II, Toruń; center III, Kielce) from January 2017 to June 2018. The final analysis included 1525 patients, 32.9% were on vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) and 67.1% on non-VKA oral anticoagulants (NOACs), that is, rivaroxaban and dabigatran (28.9% each), and apixaban (9.3%).

Results: The mean (SD) score on the JAKQ was 55.5% (18.4%) with better results among patients on VKAs compared with NOACs (58% [18.3%] vs 54.3% [18.4%]; P = 0.0002) with time from AF diagnosis more than 12 months (57.4% [17.5%] vs 50% [19.9%]; P < 0.0001). There was a significant difference in the knowledge scores between the 3 centers (I, 59.5%; II, 48.5%; III, 54.3%; P < 0.0001). In all centers the number of correct answers correlated inversely with patient’s age (r = –0.20; P < 0.0001). NOACs were more frequently used in center III. The percentage of correct responses was lower in patients on reduced NOAC doses (35.4% of patients on NOACs), compared with the full-dose NOAC groups in center I (56.9% vs 62.5%; P = 0.012) and II (48.1% vs 56.2%; P = 0.003).

Conclusions: Patients from a high-volume academic center showed better knowledge than their peers from district hospitals. There are large regional differences in prescription patterns of oral anticoagulants, including the preferred NOAC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-444
JournalKardiologia polska
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

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