Post-stroke emotionalism; diagnosis, pathophysiology, and treatment

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Abstract

Background:
Post-stroke emotionalism affects one in five stroke sufferers 6 months after their stroke, but despite its frequency remains a poorly understood stroke symptom. The literature is limited, especially compared to other frequently observed neurological conditions such as aphasia and visual neglect.

Aim and Methods:
This narrative review presents a summary of the post-stroke emotionalism literature, to inform clinical practice and future research. We cover discussion of definitions, prevalence, neurobiology, predisposing and precipitating factors, and treatment.

Results:
Increasing evidence suggests that damage to specific areas functionally linked to emotion expression or regulation processes, disruption to structural pathways and those related to serotonin production and modulation individually or in concert give rise to emotionalism-type presentations. A range of emotionalism measurement tools have been used in research contexts making between study comparisons difficult. Testing for Emotionalism after Recent Stroke–Questionnaire (TEARS-Q) has recently been developed to allow standardized assessment. Treatment options are limited, and there have been few adequately powered treatment trials. Antidepressants may reduce severity, but more trial data are required. There have been no randomized-controlled trials of non-pharmacological interventions.

Conclusions:
More research is needed to improve recognition and treatment of this common and disabling symptom. We conclude with research priorities and recommendations for the field.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Stroke
Early online date19 Mar 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Stroke
  • clinical psychology
  • emotionalism
  • neuropsychiatry
  • neuropsychology
  • rehabilitation

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