Post-traumatic symptoms among victims of workplace bullying: exploring gender differences and shattered assumptions

Alfredo Rodriguez-Munoz, Bernardo Moreno-Jiménez, Ana Sanz Vergel, Eva Garrosa Hernández

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67 Citations (Scopus)


The aims of the present study were twofold; assessing the prevalence and intensity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in victims of bullying, and exploring whether victims of bullying differ in their basic assumptions compared to a control group. A total of 183 victims of bullying and 183 subjects of a control group took part in this research. Results showed that 42.6% of the total sample met all DSM-IV-TR criteria for PTSD, whereas 54.1% did not fulfill A1 criterion. Posttraumatic symptoms were more prevalent among women (49%) compared with men (35.3%). Furthermore, victims showed significant more negative beliefs about the world, the people and themselves compared to their non-bullied controls. These results fit well with cognitive theory of trauma.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2616-2635
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

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