Prediction of ethanol-gasoline blend fuelled spark ignition engine performance using dimensional analysis

Prafulla Hatte, Yogesh Bhalerao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Ethanol is blended with pure gasoline for use as a fuel in a gasoline engine. It is required to conduct physical tests on engines to observe the engine performance for these fuel blends. However, mathematical equations provide a quick, effective, and accurate alternate for physical tests. It may not be possible to develop the mathematical relations for the specific operating conditions of engine and fuel. It is possible to use dimensional analysis approach to develop mathematical model. Dimensional analysis approach is used in this research work for deriving the mathematical correlations of Indicated Mean Effective Pressure, Brake Power, Indicated Power, and Brake Specific Fuel Consumption as engine performance parameters. Their relations are established with engine speed, load on engine, calorific value of fuel fractions, and clearance volume of engine as independent parameters. Buckingham π theorem is used for formulating the relations having proportionality sign showing the possible relations of each dependent parameter with all four independent parameters. Regression analysis is used for eliminating proportionality signs from the equations developed. Mathematical relations developed by the dimensional analysis are accurate. Root Mean Square errors have noted a minimum of 4.19 for Brake Specific Fuel Consumption and a maximum 8.56 for Brake Power. The average percentage errors are less than 1%.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects
Early online date4 Aug 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Aug 2021


  • Buckingham π theorem
  • Dimensional analysis
  • alternative fuel
  • engine performance
  • engine performance prediction model
  • regression analysis

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