Methods: RIGHT-2 was an ambulance-based multicentre sham-controlled blinded-endpoint study with patients randomised within 4 hours of onset. The primary outcome was a shift in scores on the modified Rankin scale (mRS) at day 90. Secondary outcomes included death; a global analysis (Wei-Lachin test) containing Barthel Index, EuroQol-5D, mRS, telephone interview for cognitive status-modified and Zung depression scale; and neuroimaging-determined ‘brain frailty’ markers. Data were reported as n (%), mean (SD), median [IQR], adjusted common OR (acOR), mean difference or Mann-Whitney difference (MWD) with 95% CI.
Results: 597 of 1149 (52%) patients had a final diagnosis of ischaemic stroke; age 75 (12) years, premorbid mRS>2 107 (18%), Glasgow Coma Scale 14 (2) and time from onset to randomisation 67 [45, 108] min. Neuroimaging ‘brain frailty’ was common: median score 2 [2, 3] (range 0–3). At day 90, GTN did not influence the primary outcome (acOR for increased disability 1.15, 95% CI 0.85 to 1.54), death or global analysis (MWD 0.00, 95% CI −0.10 to 0.09). In subgroup analyses, there were non-significant interactions suggesting GTN may be associated with more death and dependency in participants randomised within 1 hour of symptom onset and in those with more severe stroke.
Conclusions: In patients who had an ischaemic stroke, ultra-acute administration of transdermal GTN in the ambulance did not improve clinical outcomes in a population with more clinical and radiological frailty than seen in previous in-hospital trials.
- Blood Pressure
- Cerebral Infarction
- Clinical Trial