Prescription Of analgesia in Emergency Medicine (POEM) secondary analysis: an observational multicentre comparison of pain relief provided to adults and children with an isolated limb fracture and/or dislocation

Sarah Wilson (Lead Author), Jane Quinlan, Sally Beer, Melanie Darwent, Jack R. Dainty, James Sheehan, Liza Keating

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Abstract

Background: Acute pain is a common reason for emergency department (ED) attendance. Royal College of Emergency Medicine (RCEM) pain management audits have shown national variation and room for improvement. Previous evidence suggests that children receive less satisfactory pain management than adults.

Methods: Prescription of analgesia in emergency medicine is a cross-sectional observational study of consecutive patients presenting to 12 National Health Service EDs with an isolated long bone fracture and/ or dislocation, and was carried out between 2015 and 2017. Using the recommendations in the RCEM Best Practice Guidelines, pain management in ED was assessed for differences of age (adults vs children) and hospital type (children’s vs all patients).

Results: From the total 8346 patients, 38% were children (median age 8 years). There was better adherence to the RCEM guidance for children than adults (24% (766/3196) vs 11% (579/5123)) for the combined outcome of timely assessment, pain score and appropriate analgesia. In addition, children were significantly more likely than adults to receive analgesia appropriate to the pain score (of those with a recorded pain score 67% (1168/1744) vs 52% (1238/2361)). Children’s hospitals performed much better across all reported outcomes compared with general hospitals.

Conclusions: In contrast to previous studies, children with a limb fracture/dislocation are more likely than adults to have a pain score documented and to receive appropriate analgesia. Unexpectedly, children’s EDs performed better than general EDs in relation to timely and appropriate analgesia but the reasons for this are not apparent from the present study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)830-833
Number of pages4
JournalEmergency Medicine Journal
Volume38
Issue number11
Early online date26 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • analgesia/pain control
  • emergency department
  • fractures and dislocations
  • musculo-skeletal
  • paediatric injury
  • paediatrics
  • pain management

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