Presupposed evaluation in environmental argumentative discourse

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Abstract

Expressions of evaluation in discourse have been studied from a number of different perspectives, all highlighting the fact that evaluation may be expressed cumulatively, through a combination of different linguistic means, and pragmatically, at various levels of implicitness, which often defy precise categorization. This paper argues that, in argumentative discourse, the pragmatics of evaluation includes not only implied but also presupposed aspects. A case study centred on the environmental debate over the contested practice of fracking is used to identify the evaluative premises that lie behind the main stances or claims on the issue, as expressed by different stakeholders. It is argued that this wider approach to the analysis of evaluation may be particularly suited to uncover the evaluative premises that lie at the core of different and often contradictory environmental positions and policies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-54
Number of pages28
JournalFunctions of Language
Volume28
Issue number1
Early online date6 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Discourse analysis
  • pragmatics
  • evaluation
  • Appraisal Theory
  • appreciation
  • argumentation
  • presuppositions
  • assumptions
  • environmental discourse

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