Pretreatment of lignocellulosic wheat straw in ethanolwater co-solvents

Mingyu Zhang, K. S. Hui, Guifen Gong, K. N. Hui, Lizhu Liu

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Pretreatment is the key process for lignocellulosic biomass conversion, which is necessary to alter the structure of biomass to make cellulose and hemicellulose more accessible to the enzymes that convert the carbohydrate polymers into fermentable sugars. The present study reports the use of 15 ml ethanol-water co-solvents (1:1, v/v) for the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass (1.5 g) to produce cellulosic residual solid under varying conditions of temperature (220-310 °C) and time (20-100 min). Kinetic analysis was performed to examine the decomposition behavior of biomass in the co-solvents. The results showed that the optimal conditions for the pretreatment were 250 °C and 40 min. The maximum yield of residual solid under the optimized pretreatment conditions was 49.6% (0.744 g), which consisted of 91.4% holocellulose (cellulose and hemicellulose). Microstructure analysis showed that the compact monolithic structure of biomass had decomposed into a loose filamentous structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-432
Number of pages8
JournalCellulose Chemistry and Technology
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017


  • Ethanol-water co-solvents
  • Holocellulose
  • Lignin
  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • Pretreatment

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