Primate conservation: Lessons learned in the last 20 years can guide future efforts

Colin A. Chapman, Carlos A. Peres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Twenty years ago, we published an assessment of the threats facing primates and with the passing of two decades, we re-evaluate identified threats, consider emerging pressures, identify exciting new avenues of research, and tackle how to change the system to rapidly advance primate and primate habitat conservation. Habitat destruction and hunting have increased, the danger of looming climate change is clearer, and there are emerging threats such as the sublethal effects of microplastics and pesticides. Despite these negative developments, protected areas are increasing, exciting new tools are now available, and the number of studies has grown exponentially. Many of the changes that need to occur to make rapid progress in primate conservation are in our purview to modify. We identify several dimensions indicating the time is right to make large advances; however, the question that remains is do we have the will to prevent widespread primate annihilation and extinction?
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-361
Number of pages17
JournalEvolutionary Anthropology
Issue number5
Early online date9 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021


  • academic system change
  • bushmeat hunting
  • climate change
  • deforestation
  • microplastics

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