Probing commitment in individuals with borderline personality disorder

John Michael, Matthew Chennells, Tobias Nolte, Jinnie Ooi, Julia Griem, London Personality and Mood Disorder Research Network, Wayne Christensen, Janet Feigenbaum, Brooks King-Casas, Peter Fonagy, P. Read Montague

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Interpersonal problems are a core symptom of borderline personality disorder (BPD). In particular, patients with BPD exhibit a heightened sensitivity to cues of acceptance or rejection in their relationships. The current study investigated the psychological processes underpinning this heightened responsiveness. In a between-subjects design, we implemented a reactivity induction designed to trigger either acceptance or rejection of a partner in two separate groups, and measured the effects which this manipulation had upon 49 patients with BPD, as well as 52 control participants. The experimental paradigm required participants to repeatedly choose whether to coordinate with their partner on a decision-making task. When both players coordinate on the same option, both are rewarded. The experiment probed participants’ commitment to their partners: participants were sometimes presented with tempting opportunities to unilaterally defect from the coordination. The results show that participants in the BPD group were less committed than participants in the control group when exposed to the rejection manipulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-341
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume137
Early online date11 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Commitment
  • Emotion regulation
  • Interpersonal problems

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