Prognostic factors for response to treatment by corticosteroid injection or surgery in carpal tunnel syndrome (PaLMS study): a prospective multi‐centre cohort study

Christina Jerosch-Herold, Lee Shepstone, Julie Houghton, Ed Wilson, Julian Blake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
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Introduction: Studies of prognosis for surgery and corticosteroid injection for carpal tunnel syndrome have considered only a limited range of explanatory variables for outcome.
Methods: Data were prospectively collected on patient‐reported symptoms, physical and psychological functioning, comorbidity and quality of life at baseline and 6 monthly for up to 2 years. Outcomes were patient‐rated change over a 6‐month period and symptom‐severity score at 18 months.
Results: 754 patients with CTS completed baseline questionnaires and 626 (83%) completed follow‐up to 18 months. Multivariable modelling identified, independent of symptom severity at outset, higher health utility, fewer comorbidities and lower anxiety as significant predictors of better outcome from surgery. In patients treated by steroid injection, independent of symptom severity at outset, shorter duration of symptoms and having no prior injection were significant predictors of better outcome.
Discussion: These multivariable models of outcome may inform shared decision‐making about treatment for CTS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-40
Number of pages9
JournalMuscle & Nerve
Issue number1
Early online date28 Feb 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

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