Progress, decline, and redemption: Understanding war and imagining Europe, 1870s–1890s

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The aim of this article is to shed light on the ways in which ideas of and discourses about Europe were influenced by some readings of war and war violence from the 1870s to the 1890s. This aim is pursued by considering the dichotomy progress/decadence, a crucial opposition for grasping images and notions of Europe as well as interpretations of warfare violence. The article focuses on the works of Max Nordau, Friedrich Nietzsche, and the young Paul Valéry at a time when, in intellectual and academic circles, there was an increasing fear of European decadence and degeneration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-704
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Review of History
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

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