Proposing principles towards responsible waste management in South African protected areas

Claudine Roos, Reece C. Alberts, Francois P. Retief, Dirk P. Cilliers, Alan J. Bond

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This article synthesises principles towards achieving responsible waste management in South African protected areas. These principles are distilled from and based on existing legislation, guidelines and best practices applicable to environmental management, waste management and protected areas management. The principles are framed around the South African environmental management principles, and specifically contextualised for waste management in protected areas, based on legislation, guidelines and best practices from the literature. Six key principles are synthesised, which aim to achieve responsible waste management in protected areas through: (1) protection of ecosystems and biodiversity; (2) prevention and remediation of pollution; (3) implementation of the waste management hierarchy; (4) provision of effective waste services and infrastructure; (5) promotion of participation and building of partnerships; and (6) contribution to wellbeing, livelihoods and capacity. These principles provide a first step towards the development of detailed guidance on dealing with waste management in South African protected areas and may have relevance in other countries.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbera1753
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2023


  • principles
  • responsible waste management
  • protected areas
  • pollution prevention
  • waste management hierarchy
  • waste services
  • mitigation hierarchy
  • knowledge sharing
  • partnerships

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