Prosocial behaviour in palliative nurses: Psychometric evaluation of the prosociality scale

Valentina Biagioli, Cesarina Prandi, Lucia Giuliani, Brian Nyatanga, Roberta Fida

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a prosociality scale within the palliative nursing context, and then examine the impact of prosocial behaviour in relation to job and educational satisfaction among palliative nurses. Methods: An online cross-sectional survey was conducted in 25 Italian palliative care centres, with a total of 107 nurses completing the prosociality scale by Caprara et al (2005). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were examined to evaluate a multidimensional model of prosociality. Results: A three-factor solution with a second order factor ftted the data well. The three dimensions extracted were labelled as helping, empathy, and sharing. Participants reported high levels of prosociality. In addition, prosociality was positively associated with job and educational satisfaction. Conclusions: The prosociality scale was valid and reliable when tested with palliative nurses. Although prosociality may be embedded in nurses' personalities, this quality should be actively promoted to expand and improve the culture and the ethics of nursing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-298
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Palliative Nursing
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Empathy
  • Helping
  • Palliative nurses
  • Personality
  • Prosociality

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